The causes of reticular varicose veins, as and normal, have not yet been defined, but scientists emphasize hereditary tendency. Due to the genetic characteristics of a body formed insufficient elastic vascular wall.
Negative factors to support the additional load on the weak veins of the lower limbs. The output of the blood worsens, static pressure on the wall of the blood vessels increases, it is stretched.
Advanced of vienna, builds up even more with the blood and pathological ring closed. Appear external symptoms of the disease.
The main factors that contributes to the development of reticular varices members, include:
- static work in forced position – sitting or standing;
- the use of high-heeled shoes;
- hard physical work;
- hormonal of the disease;
- uncontrolled acquisition of hormonal medication;
- the marked increase in body mass;
- classes heavy sports;
- frequent trauma to the feet.
Wrong life-style that comes in unbalanced nutrition, lack of exercise, the excessive concern with weights sports exercises of the handle of the belt and the feet, can lead to the appearance of signs of varicose veins of the disease.
Varices reticular type has etiology hereditary and more often than not is passed on to children by parents. It is not the disease itself, and the construction of vessels in such a way that, in the future, causing the varicose veins of the extension.
The change in the structure of the blood vessels can also not just genetic genes, but also of other factors. These include:
- bad habits, smoking, and alcohol abuse;
- disturbed metabolism;
- acquired disease of the blood vessels and of the heart;
- hepatitis, cirrhosis;
- the menopause period;
- hormone replacement therapy;
- the poor diet;
- the excess weight;
- excessive exercise.
In addition, the varicose veins of this type are affected by people whose work or activity related to the constant of your stay on their feet.
The basic premise for the emergence of vascular disease veins – the lack of production of these substances, such as elastin and collagen, which is broken the tone of the veins and the work of its valves. Due to the lack of such important components, the skin and tissues lose their elasticity, and dehydrate.
Many times, it is a pathology caused by a hereditary drawback in the body, or genetics morphology of blood vessels, with tendency to expansion.
What is this, reticular varicose veins of the lower limbs? It is an easy way of extension, in which on the feet is formed mesh from the veins of blue color. From such cosmetic problems suffer mainly women, much less men. Also varicose veins takes the name of the cosmetic as well as the delivery of discomfort, produces complex about the appearance.
According to the statistics, 95% cases are of women. It would be reasonable to assume that cause the disease causes are related to or with the physiology of the woman, or with your way of life.
It is true, absolutely accurate reason the doctors are not called, but they point to factors that can cause reticular varicose veins are:
- the hormonal change: pregnancy, childbirth, breastfeeding, menopause, endocrine disorders;
- the reception of hormonal contraceptives;
- the heredity, because the characteristics of an organism, many times the parents are transmitted to their children;
- continuous wearing uncomfortable high-heeled shoes, very style pants;
- stay a long time standing;
- the excess weight;
- the lack of physical activity;
- the lifting of weights;
- frequent foot injuries.
To explain these changes can such reasons: pregnancy or apply the medicines hormonal. It manifests this type of varicose veins form different from isolated hair up to coarse bright formations, which arises on the skin.
The Reticular type of disease develops mainly in people with hereditary predisposition. The man's parents is not the own varicose veins, and the construction of vessels, which predispose to expansion of the veins.
For other reasons, which include:
- Is prohibited;
- Venous-arterial fistula, contributing to the expansion of the veins;
- Diseases of the liver (cirrhosis, hepatitis);
- Violation of the metabolism;
- The poor diet;
- Climate period;
- The treatment-hormonal drugs;
- Big load of work when the practice of sports;
- Professional activity related to the frequent use and prolonged to stay on his feet.
The causes of the reticular blood vessels in the body are similar, with varicose veins, disease.
The main causes and risk factors:
- Acquisition of hormonal medication;
- Hereditary predisposition;
- Pregnancy and childbirth;
- The excess weight;
- The skin diseases;
- Trauma of the extremities;
- It's hard physical and permanent physical activity in athletes;
- The solar radiation;
- Office sedentary work.
The main causes of the appearance of reticular varicose veins is the hereditary factor. Violation in the venous system are transmitted by inheritance, and, therefore, in the group of risk remain the children whose parents were exposed to the chronic diseases of the veins and blood vessels.
The second important factor the appearance of spider veins in the legs is pregnancy and childbirth. The increase of the mass of the body of the pregnant woman and the changes in hormonal levels can be the cause of the development of reticular varices and blood vessels.
Why is this type of varicose veins?
It is considered that the reticular varicose veins and normal veins varicose — is a different (stand alone) types of chronic diseases of the veins. But it should be noted that in the majority of cases, the progression of reticular varicose veins, it becomes the cause of the development of the most severe pathologies of the venous system.
There are cases in which leaking varicose veins, the disease and the appearance of telangiectasias (spider veins) at the same time.
In connection with this, doctors recommend to fix such cosmetic defects in the early stages of development, preventing the development of varicose veins and other venous pathology.
The causes of this disease can be various. This, and a hereditary predisposition (weak vascular wall), and the wrong way of life (heavy physical work, poor diet, excess weight), the intake of hormonal contraceptives.
The development of varicose veins, reticular type contributes to a genetic predisposition. The inheritance is not the disease itself, and anatomical features of the vein, thus contributing to its expansion. The provocative factors relate to:
- is prohibited;
- venous-arterial fistula, cause deformation of the blood vessels;
- high blood pressure;
- liver disease (hepatitis, cirrhosis);
- metabolic disorders;
- the poor diet;
- the entry on the menopause;
- the prolonged intake hormonal of the funds;
- the excess weight;
- the high to the long walk and exercise.
The defeat of the small blood vessels, often can occur in the period of gestation, which explains the changes in hormonal levels, and increased load on the feet.
Reticular varicose veins of the lower limbs, the sign of many ladies. The reason for this are the overly sensitive walls of the blood vessels to the sexually hormones.
By themselves, they are very thin and large. Under the action of sex hormones the walls become less elastic and lose muscle tone.
Due to these processes, and considering the daily physical exercise vessels dilate, when he appeared on skin of a blue mesh. The worsening of the pathology can cause any failures in the system, hormonal (pregnancy, menstruation, puberty).
Also among the reasons reticular varicose veins, experts point out the following:
- hereditary predisposition;
- inactive life style;
- the excess weight;
- irrational power;
- excessive exercise.
The reasons for this cosmetic defect can also be assigned a professional harmfulness. The disease is most common in flight attendants, salespeople, and teachers, who are people who spend a lot of time standing.
Characteristics of the current and the treatment in pregnant women
Women venous system, often suffers, when the load on the body became "interesting". The volume of blood that circulates through the body of a pregnant woman, to become to top at about 30 percent.
The crescent removed from the compressed vessels of the pelvis, which hinders the normal process of venous thrombosis of the output, which can cause varicose veins. Therefore, it is important of the measures to avoid such things.
Expansion of the blood vessels brings the future mother of many disorders. Women become swollen and blue feet, there is pain and sense of weight.
The risk of transition of pathology to the next phase of the high, however, most of the therapeutic can not be applied. The task of the doctor — selecting safer and more effective medicines.
The woman recommend regular walking, wearing compression stocking, the execution of the exercise.
The first signs of the disease
The main symptom of reticular varicose veins — emerges through the skin on the feet, vascular figure crimson hue. More frequently venous mesh is located on the outer face of the thigh and leg. It is composed of vases, of winding lines. In addition, the woman can bother, and other manifestations of the disease:
- the discomfort in the legs, growing, on the evening of the day;
- a strong swelling;
- seizures in the reduction of the area stop during the night.
Reticular varicose veins photo which is displayed below, can be accompanied by subcutaneous hemorrhages and severe itching. Depending on the severity of the pathological process is characteristic of design is present in the form of subtle of the elements, or applies to the vast area of the lower limbs. Venous capillaries, generally fairly dense, and well on the palpation.
The main manifestation reticular varicose veins is the appearance of the veins of small veins. But there are other signs, such as:
- an ambulance fatigue;
- pain at the site of the extension;
- itching, tingling, swelling;
- seizures during the night;
- the sensation of "chills and cold";
- the tension in the legs.
Of all stages of varicose veins, the disease more common reticular varicose veins. Not causing serious complications and escape, without pain, however, she needs treatment, since the form of execution becomes chronic, turn into a serious illness.
Signs of reticular varicose veins:
- On the thighs and under the knees appear the accumulation of vessels threads bluish and reddish in color, of different sizes and brightness;
- The sensation of heat in the feet;
- Hemorrhage in places of "veins" and "stars";
- The swelling;
- Seizures after exercise or during the night;
- Weight in the legs;
- Local itching;
- The tension in the legs.
Pathology is manifested, by extension, the rough wall. Diameter exposed to the transformation of the veins 1 to 3 mm.
Vein smaller, usually discovered in the upper layer of the skin. Its expansion leads to the formation of telangiectasias.
Because the reasons for varicose veins, of the transformation of vessels of both skin layers are similar, often reticular varicose veins and telangiectasia develop at the same time.
More a variation of frequent disease – reticular varicose veins of the lower limbs. In clinical manifestations, it has a series of differences of varicose veins, disease.
For her, in the greater degree are characteristic symptoms of thrombosis venous stagnation, related to the duration of the encounter in the upright position. When the progression of varicose veins of the lower limbs, appear to trophic violation, increases the risk of blood clots and development of thrombophlebitis.
For reticular varicose veins these manifestations of venous insufficiency is uncommon.
When the disease on the skin of the thighs, under her knees weak, as well as over the leg appear cyanotic, and red-pink color of the point that represent the network of bleeding. Ate to exert pressure on the finger, this is the place, in the second mesh disappears, and manifests itself again.
These external signs accompany other symptoms:
- the burning sensation and itching;
- the gravity and tension in the legs;
- the swelling in the lower legs at night;
- muscle cramps rbis in the local of thrust with the load or the lifting of the weight, especially at night.
At the beginning of the expansion of the veins can occur fatigue of the feet. Sometimes, even when a walking person begins to feel discomfort and fatigue.
Dangerous characteristic reticular varicose veins consists in the fact that, as a rule, he does not accompany the pain that is caused. Because of this, the man of the time, you can not consult your doctor, as the disease becomes chronic stage.
Signs of the disease are, first of all, the external manifestation. Pain does not occur. Reticular varicose veins of the feet, manifests itself in the form of venous veins reddish or blue hue on the hips or popliteal cups. The area of the injury and the degree of manifestations vascular of the screen may be different.
- the severity and less pain in the legs;
- swelling of the feet and ankles;
- cramps in the calves;
- periodically the emergence of itching in the region of the legs and feet.
Is enhanced the intensity of the manifestation of signs, after a long to find the "on foot" and in high levels of physical activity.
If the symptoms begin to acquire more prominent, its intensity enhanced, while the veins form the us, it means a pathological process passed to the next stage and the treatment will be more difficult.