Varicose veins is a common disease, especially among women, who disrupted the work of the veins of the lower limbs. This is due to the fact that suffer the venous valves is a kind of shock absorber, which regulate the inverter output of blood from the feet. The rate of valves shall be opened and closed, as a function of flow of blood.
When varicose veins, they almost are not closed, which develops the stagnation of blood in the veins of the lower limbs. Of course, a large number of accumulated blood in the veins leads to the stretch of its walls, decreased elasticity, and sometimes even damage. Respectively the progression of the process, on the skin occur characteristic manifestations.
Initially, this is simply spider veins, asterisk, then appear heightening of the elongated vein blue and crimson colour, and the feet become large, begin to peel off the skin, nagging constant pain in the lower limbs. This is why it is very important to recognize the disease in its initial stage and time of begin treatment.
The reasons for the development of the disease
Varicose veins can develop under the influence of many external factors. Of course, it all depends on the style of life of a person. However, there are a number of predisposing factors of risk that increase the likelihood of the occurrence of varicose veins.
Such factors are hereditary predisposition, disturbance of the hormonal balance, diseases of the nervous system, inactive life style, physical overload, flat feet, the use of high-heeled shoes.
Hereditary predisposition – unfortunately, they ate close relatives suffer from this disease, that is, the probability that is transmitted and You, because many times this occurs because of the weakness of hereditary connective tissue or even defect to Gov. valves. In this case, it is necessary to remember about the prevention of varicose veins.
Hormonal imbalance – the permanent fluctuations in the level of hormones more inherent to women, and, therefore, according to the statistics, are more susceptible to varicose veins. Such fluctuations are observed throughout the menstrual cycle, during pregnancy and when the menopause arrives. It also affects the reception of hormonal medication (for example, contraceptives). Female hormones affect significantly the elasticity of the walls of the blood vessels.
Diseases of the nervous system, frequent stress, depressive state – you know that is the nervous system exerts regulation of the venous tonus. Therefore, any pathology associated, can affect the state of the veins;
Inflammatory processes in the pelvis – they are more concerned about the female. Because of them can very upset the level of hormones.
A sedentary lifestyle, due to a long period of seats behind a computer, for example, the veins of the feet hint, the output of the blood of them is broken. Due to stagnation of blood in the veins of the wall are stretched, and the antarctic. Today, we highlight the same "computer varicose veins", so often, it became the dating.
The physical overload – too much of physical activity is also not affected nothing good in pots. The weight lifting standing walking increase the load on the legs and, respectively, in vienna.
Flat feet – one way or another, this is a deformation of the foot, and it also carries a certain impact on the vessels of the lower limbs.
The constitution of obese people and, especially, with the greatest growth is very vulnerable in the future varicose veins.
Wearing high heels – once again, this is dangerous for women, as well as when riding on a high and not very comfortable jumping the load on the lower limbs increases tremendously.
The clinical manifestations of the varicose veins
The symptoms of the disease appear gradually, however, has been improving, especially when there is no adequate treatment. Everything begins with the appearance of small feet vascular bars and sprockets. They do not cause too much disturbance, but it is in these manifestations, you should seek the advice of your doctor.
Later begin to bother the swelling in the legs, which appear after a long walk and, often, under the night. At dawn, they spend by yourself. This is the first sign that the function of the deep veins, exercising the blood back to the heart, broken.
With the passing of time, patients begin to complain for cramps in the legs, his numbness, particularly at night and in the morning. If these steps, the treatment was not started, so forth will appear venous nodules on the skin, the veins are visible blue or even closer to the red, they will be painful by palpation. The skin in the lower limbs will begin to change. It becomes dense to the touch, dry, will start to peel off and darken. During the walk will disturb strong pains muscle.
And in places of occurrence of venous we will be felt a strong itching. Can also occur movements, reduction of calf muscle during the night.
Diagnosis and complications of varicose veins
Diagnose the disease it is necessary as soon as possible. But it all depends on when the patient enter the hospital.
When the diagnosis depend on the complaint, the external manifestations on the legs, the lifestyle of the patient, their bad habits, body shape, the presence of varicose veins parents, brothers, sisters.
For confirmation of the diagnosis is prescribed for more instrumental methods of research.
Such methods are:
- Ultrasonography in the veins (ultrasound) – is also known as the Doppler of the veins of the lower limbs. It allows to evaluate the structure of the veins, their permeability, the speed and direction of blood flow, the presence of thrombotic formations, vasodilation, the existence of any tumors.
- High contrast: the venography or venography – it is made through the introduction in the vessels of the contrast medium. Their distribution shows the permeability of the veins, the condition of the walls, the presence of mass formations in the vascular gaps.
Preferable is considered ultra-sound, because it is a non-invasive method of research.
In the absence of adequate treatment for varicose veins lava resorting to a series of complications.
- thrombophlebitis – inflammation extended and deformed veins;
- the bleeding due to the breakdown of vessel walls;
- to change the rheological properties of the blood, which leads to the formation of a blood clot, this in turn, can cause arterial thromboembolism, myocardial infarction and stroke;
- the excess pigmentation of the skin.
Trophic ulcer – they can appear by the smallest injuries or damage to the skin due to constantly raped the output of blood. Because of this, ulcers, a long time does not heal the terrible pain and unpleasant smell.
All of this hampers strongly the quality of life of patients, and can even make them disabled.
The main methods of treatment varicose veins
Unfortunately, varicose veins is a chronic disease, and non-technical, in order to cure it completely. However, medicine has found the means to, at least, to prevent the progression of the disease.
The treatment depends on the stage of varicose veins. If it is only in the initial demonstrations, you can do without surgical intervention, that is, only conservative methods.
Drug tools – here include tools that increase the tonus of the veins, anticoagulation medications to prevent the formation of blood clots, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (painkillers), and also all kinds of creams, ointments and gels for the skin of the feet.
Compression methods involve the use of compression stocking, overlapping dressings bandages elastic to keep the tone.
Pneumatic massage is a special massage, which pass with the aid of the pneumatic of the purchase. It is very efficient, because it improves the blood circulation, nutrition of tissues, improves the tonus of the blood vessels.
Sclerotherapy is already the period of the method. Your pass without operating the manipulation. For cholangitis,, or is, the decline of the vessel, the injection injected with a special substance that stops the flow of blood in the vessel, so that he, with time, atrophy, does not work and disappears. However, it may require several sessions sclerotherapy, to achieve the desired effect.
Intravascular laser coagulation – this is already invasive, the treatment method. In this case, by using the laser surgeons clotted the damaged veins under local anesthesia.
Leech is a bit of an old method, but still effective. He refers to the popular medicine. When applying leeches bite the skin and suck stand out in the blood of a substance. It thins the blood and does not form the disease.
Diet – the diet of the patients suffering from varicose veins, a disease, there must be a large number of fruits and vegetables, in any form, seafood, legumes, nuts, lean varieties of meat and fermented foods.
Among the non-conventional methods of treatment, preference settings apple cider vinegar, soap, and potato, soda and baths, addictive tincture of ginseng.
The basics of prevention of varicose veins
Many wonder if it is possible to cure varicose veins eventually? Answer – no. However, it is possible to observe some preventive measures to avoid the emergence of the disease.
In particular, it is an active lifestyle, the elimination of the extra pounds, the constant exercise for the lower limbs, the use of compression clothing.
If the disease has already appeared, then you should avoid the use of hormonal contraceptive medication (in its composition contains female hormones, which can aggravate the course of the disease).
In addition, you should avoid:
- The use of any of the shoe heel, because it increases the load on the legs.
- Increase the mass of the body and, even more, obesity.
- The presence in the diet greasy, acute, roasted, smoky, and salty.
- The weight lifting.
- A long-lying in a bath of hot water.
- Visit the baths and saunas.
- The abuse of alcoholic beverages, tobacco.
- Self-medication without consulting the doctor.
In addition, for those who are responsible for a long time to be in the seats or standing position, remember that:
- during the time finding in the feet, does not interfere with the lifting on tiptoe, and fall on the jump, you jump with one foot on the and forcefully to move the fingers, to disperse the accumulated blood;
- after a long period of work in the office in front of the computer from time to time, can put the foot on top of the table, allowing that the blood will be the best none of the feet;
- you can buy one of the feet the basis on which it is very easy to do some gymnastics;
- very useful to periodically raise and lower the fingers, this results in toning calf muscles and activates the circulation of the vein.
Necessarily, every time, should raise a few minutes to walk hand and do a small load.