Varicose veins applies to diseases with a chain. It begins gradually, the first symptoms may remain for a long time without attention. The lack of treatment in the early stages leads to the progression of the disease and make the state. And, therefore, change and approaches to therapy – which could help in the beginning, turns out to be useless in the distant stage. The stage of varicose veins of the lower limbs, determine not only the symptoms of the pathology, but also the choice of the form of therapy.
As if disease develops
A very important role in the development of the disease plays heredity. That posterity is not your own varicose veins are veins of the legs, in particular the structure of the connective tissue. She makes the venous valves, which do not allow blood to no other publication in the opposite direction. Lack of physical exercise, work-related sedentary status, pregnancy, high-heeled shoes, and excessive weight cause the violation of voltage blood, which weakens changed valves.
In medical practice use various types of classification of varicose veins, disease of the feet. Some of them take into account the stage of developing varicose veins. Doctors will be used for the classification in which highlight three phases:
- Compensation B.
Each phase defines the signs of the disease and treatment approaches. Also applies to the international classification, where the phase of the varicose veins associated with houses signs:
- C0 xor: the symptoms of a disease do not.
- C1: appear varicose veins.
- C2: visible advanced of vienna.
- C3: swelling of the feet, which are subjected after a rest.
- C4: pigmentation changes, and skin disease.
- C5 on the facilities listed above changes and the ulcer.
- C6: the pathological changes of the feet and active trophic ulcer.
Heal varicose veins in the initial phase is much easier, than during the execution of a form. Then you need to pay attention to the first signs of pathology.
In the initial stage of varicose veins bother me the sensation of flatulence in the legs that appears at the end of the day or after a long standing position, sitting. The blood stagnant in the lower limbs. The feet quickly get tired, sometimes appear cramps and pain in the movement of the veins. In the first phase, the varicose veins can be noted in the skin of the varicose veins. Sometimes, at night, swollen feet, become cotton. If you give them a holiday, the swelling and the sensation of flatulence pass.
Varicose veins in the initial phase lends itself to a conservative treatment. Good help the following methods:
- Wearing a compression garment – tights, stocking.
- The use of ointments and creams with heparin.
- The application of local plant medicines.
- Pre-formed drugs that improve the state of the veins of the legs.
Fight with varicose veins at this time, it is possible through lifestyle changes. For this, you need to replace the shoes more comfortable, do not throw the leg over the other, if the work is related to the position of stand-up – more mash feet, curled up with the sock in the heel. To sedentary work need to periodically get up and walk. If you ignore the signs of illness, then she will come into 2 degree varicose veins.
The second phase of the varicose veins more often obliges you to consult your physician. The symptoms of the disease become visible to the naked eye, they are accompanied by a defect and bring physical discomfort.
Varicose veins accompanied the extension of the vein, they bulge under the skin, in the form of blue nodes. Skin takes cianótica or a tint of brown. The pain in the legs appears with more frequency, it can be disturbing and at night. Expressed swelling of the feet, you may receive the itching of the skin or numbness. Conservative therapy is not very effective. It is used for the calculation of the planned cost of the preparation of the patient for surgical treatment and subsequent recovery. It is mandatory to use compression clothes, but the period of application of the special funds.
Phase 2 to treat with laser ablation by radio frequency. You can apply a specific method for the treatment in this phase, the physician decides. He considers the general state of the patient, and the data from the survey of the veins.
3 stage of varicose veins is characterized by severe pathological changes. Venous output broken, the excess of the fluid portion of the blood permeates the surrounding tissue, swelling become permanent. Certain changes of valves increase the risk of development of thrombophlebitis. Occurs vein occlusion, with consequent inflammation.
Disturbed nutrition of the skin and appendages. The hair falls down, worsening the state of the nails. The skin becomes dry, prone to cracks. Violation of trophic leads to the formation of ulcers.
How to treat varicose veins, in this phase, depends on symptoms. In most cases, it is necessary the hospitalization. Thrombophlebitis treat conservatively, applying the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics, heparin. Many times, when the signals beginner thrombophlebitis undergo minimally invasive surgical treatment.
Sometimes 4 stage called chronic venous and ulcer. This is the last symptom that appears during the execution of the varicose veins. She is a long time not healing, delivery pain, patients with she to lose the integrity. Your treatment is not possible without eliminating the cause of varicose veins.
After the therapy the main pathology, applying drug methods of treatment of the ulcer, as well as the surgical treatment is closure of the defect.
The symptoms of varicose veins can be easily noticed at an early stage and in a timely manner to consult with your doctor. Then, the treatment can be conservative methods. But when the degree of progression of the disease, will be complicated and the treatment. To avoid this, you need to practice the prevention of varicose veins and do not postpone a visit to the doctor.