Varicose veins — a disease, which occurs due to distension peripheral vein under the skin. In the majority of cases, the disease manifests itself on the surface of the muscles of the legs, of vienna, they acquire a blue tint, they become winding and hilly.
Also occurs the formation of us and the destruction valve of the device, due to which the output of blood in the veins disturbed. At the close of the valves the valves at the start of the problems. The blood is not able to climb up, as it usually happens in vienna, because of its stagnation suffer the pressure.
The high pressure of the blood dilates the veins walls, which are different according to the thickness. The vessels are stretched and its edges to come in contact with the dermis and become visible. For this reason, there arise characteristic spider veins. If the vessel visible through a layer of the dermis, it says about your weakness. The thicker of vienna, the fact see the things best the blue color. They form nodules, which are visible on the legs.
Of varicose veins suffers every 4 person on the planet. The main factor of development of the pathology is the lack of development of connective tissue. For the formation of the development of varicose veins need and predisposing conditions.
According to the statistics, this pathology suffer from 20% of the world's population and 50 percent of patients with the initial phase of the disease even do not realize their illness. Most often varicose veins suffer from the female.
That is dangerous varicose veins
The main danger of varicose veins lies in the occurrence of complications of the disease, such as:
- Phlebitis — the formation of inflammatory processes in the interior of the blood vessels. The skin acquires a reddish tint, and any touch of it cause the pain. If the same inflamed several veins, the well-being of human deterioration. When the end beginning of the treatment, this disease develops in venous thrombosis.
- The result of thrombophlebitis occur in cells of the blood of the seal, in other words blood clots. To determine the accuracy of the diagnosis carry out the procedure of ultra-sound, Ultra-sound, and Dr. Externally, it can be seen the strong redness and seal in the zone inflamed vienna. The disease, sometimes accompanied by a slight increase in body temperature. If blood clots appear in the deep veins, the patient comes to serious threat. To avoid death, urgent need of operation.
- Thrombosis is a complication of varicose veins, which is extremely difficult to identify, due to the location of a blood clot, as soon as they are formed in the deep veins, without the inflammatory processes. After some time, it is possible to notice the formation of a blood clot on external resources, for example, a strong swelling of the dead veins. In the area of the skin where it originated from a clot of blood, the dermis becomes a shade of red with blue sparkle.
- Trophic ulcer — the disease occurs due to a failure of processes of blood circulation, which results in malfunction of the tissues in the body. A small trauma can cause the spread of pests in the neighbourhood of the cinnamon. Many times, these complications are accompanied by education dermatitis, infectious processes.
To avoid the occurrence of severe complications, patients with venous insufficiency, must take seriously their health, to visit your doctor.
The symptoms of varicose veins feet
The first symptoms of varicose veins can be a little pronounced, namely:
- slim vascular mesh acquires a bluish tint of scarlet;
- the fatigue, itching, sensation of pain and burning sensation in the feet, at night;
- numbness and convulsive contraction of the muscles during the night.
To the extent that the development of changes in their vessels with the veins are the symptoms of the disease are aggravated because of this:
- the dermis at sites of varicose veins becomes thicker, it flaking and is covered by blue spots;
- the sensation of pain in the calves and becoming more and more intense, and acquire regular in nature;
- arise venous of we, when you tap the that appears the pain.
The experts highlight 4 the stage of the disease:
- The first phase is the almost complete absence of complaints, except for the minor violations of the cosmetics.
- The second step — the occurrence of heaviness in the legs, small swelling irregular, cramps, nocturnal muscles of the calf.
- The third stage — the formation of patches of red, blue, and then brown tint, the seal of the skin and break in the legs, swelling. The color changes of the skin signals about the progression of the disease, the need for early therapeutic activities.
- Fourth step — the emergence of thrombophlebitis, and trophic ulcers when you ignore the treatment. Ulcers are formed when any injury to eliminate them is almost impossible.
Varicose veins in the legs of women
According to statistics, varicose veins, a disease is diagnosed in the opposite sex is 4 times higher than in men. When you do this, varicose veins can manifest itself as young and adult women.
One of the main factors of manifestation of the disease in women is the set of excess weight during menopause. This is due to the influence of hormones (progesterone, estrogen), which reduces the tonus of the veins.
The life style plays an important role in women's health. According to statistics, most often varicose veins occur in women with sedentary work — 37% of the world's population. With the opposite sex, which is forced the greater part of the day to be held in a vertical position (vendors, teachers) the disease occurs less frequently — 63%.
Genetic influence in the development of the disease up to the end not studied, but 25% of the respondents were relatives, who suffered from this disease.
Varicose veins during pregnancy due to the influence of a combination of factors within the female body:
- the increase in the volume of circulating blood;
- the increase of the uterus, compression of retroperitoneal vienna;
- the change in hormone levels, increased levels of progesterone;
- the increase in intra-abdominal pressure during the delivery process.
The disease during the pregnancy develops in the first months. When the clinical symptoms begin to manifest themselves in the middle of the second quarter.
Varicose veins are men standing
The main factors for the occurrence of varicose veins in the feet of men are:
- large loads of physical;
- the abuse of alcohol beverages;
- the unbalanced diet;
- the lack of exercise;
- the lifting weights.
Men's work is often associated with physical activities. The Regular strain can cause bleeding subcutaneous vienna.
Another factor for the development of the disease is the use of highly energy fatty foods, as well as the lack of nicotine in the body acid omega-3.
The therapy of the disease occurs in the same way as in women.
The treatment of varicose veins feet
Effective therapy varicose veins leg extension must solve certain tasks:
- the elimination of varicose veins of the syndrome;
- resolution of signs of disease;
- prevention of recurrence.
The first is done using medical therapy and surgery. Conservative treatment is directed to eliminate signs of the disease (medical therapy and compression), as well as the prevention, therapy by exercise, elastic compression).
In the initial phase of the disease apply conservative treatment:
- take the pills, which assigns a doctor;
- local the use of gels and ointments;
- elastic compression;
- Therapy exercise, and gymnastics;
- good nutrition and a healthy lifestyle.
Compression, conservative treatment is mandatory in all stages of the disease. When you use the compression stocking it is possible to eliminate the stagnation of blood, as well as to create good conditions for microcirculation and vascular. Sweater with a pressure picked up, based on the degree of the varicose veins:
- Class 1 — the initial phase of the disease;
- Grade 2 varicose veins the syndrome of "tired feet";
- Grade 3 — presence of complications of the disease.
Traditional medicine offers a number of great tools that reduce the signs of the disease and elimination of pain.
The following are some of the most effective ways that you can prepare at home.
- whole wheat bread — 1 slice;
- camphor oil — 20 ml;
- the fruits of chestnut — 50 g.
Preparation: Smear the bread with butter, top sprinkle with the dried fruit of the chestnut.
Usage: Obtained from the composition, attach the inflamed vienna, and lock the elastic bandage, leave the compress for the night.
Effect: Resolution of pain after 10 procedures.
I think with burdock
Ingredients: arctium lappa — 1 sheet.
- Wash leaf of burdock under the water, so that it becomes clean.
- Place the mug into the kettle of hot water so that it stays warm.
The use of:
- Apply affected vienna, sterile bandage, off the top of it place the inner facing burdock and the beam.
- To pass the procedure for the night.
Effect: Spend 5 procedures per day, after that, the pain will decrease.
The compress with honey
Ingredients: honey — 3 St. l.
Preparation: If a compress uses a very thick honey, lightly melt it in a bath of steam.
Usage: Spread the honey on a sore vienna, a thin layer from the top wrap the leg cling film and lock the bandage. The duration of the first procedure is of 2 hours, 2 and 3 — 4 hours, and 4 — up all night.
Effect: the Relief comes after the procedure 2.
Compress of tomatoes
Ingredients: tomato — 1 PCs.
Way of preparation: Cut the tomatoes into thin slices.
Use: Apply slices of patients vienna, the top, wrap with film, food and a bandage. Perform the procedure daily, duration — 3 hours.
Effect: the Improvement of well-being.
Recipe of dyes
- alcohol — 3 l;
- the kernel and the bark of chestnut — 2 kg.
- Chop the peel and the core, in volume, they filled the half of 3 litres of banks.
- Pour the composition of the alcohol, close tightly the lid and place it in a darkened room for a month.
- Three times a week and stir the container.
- Ready composition Profiltruite through several layers of clean gauze.
The use of:
- Dye RUB the inflamed of vienna, every day, before going to sleep.
- At the request of the acceptance of the dye within 1 h. l. three times per night for a quarter of an hour before a meal, with a duration of 30 days.
Effect: eliminate the pain and discomfort during the programming of the veins.
Compress of calendula
- the flowers of calendula — 2,5 St. l;
- the oil is not refined — 0.5 l.
Mode of preparation: Pour the kalUNMlhave oil, put the composition of any water bath in 30 minutes. Give the composition in infusion 1 hour after Profiltruite it.
Usage: Oil composition daily RUB on inflamed skin mild movements in circles. Then dampen a clean cloth in the composition, place in patients of vienna and let it rest for a night.
Effect: Reduction of manifestations of varicose veins.
The apple cider vinegar when varicose veins feet
Each day for the night RUB vinegar inflamed skin. The duration of treatment is 30 days. You can perform the procedure in the morning time, but after that she must lie down for an hour.
To improve the effect of drinking apple cider vinegar, diluted in water, along with honey on empty stomach, 30 minutes before food intake. The duration of treatment is 1 month.
Apple cider vinegar, diluted in water, can be applied in the form of lotions in inflammation of the vein. To do this, dissolve in a glass of water, 2 St. l. vinegar, soak this part in a clean cloth and apply the affected vienna. Do the procedure two hours before bedtime.
For the prevention of varicose veins use the following guidelines:
- apply special medications;
- not casting one leg over the other, over the seats;
- daily clean the intestine of harmful substances, to avoid the formation of slag;
- take breaks when the water stop work, let your feet to rest;
- observe the diet, do not let set excess weight, reduce the consumption of salt;
- if necessary, use compression stockings;
- limit the consumption of alcoholic beverages and tobacco;
- can, spend more time outdoors;
- do the self-massage to stop the use of vegetable and essential oils;
- regularly visit the doctor.
- Apply for the treatment of tablets, ointments, and gels that you can only after the appointment of the expert.
- Varicose veins in the legs is more likely to occur in women than in men.
- Reveal education varicose veins in an early stage of the disease is almost impossible.