Varicose veins – it is not a disease, but a symptom associated with vascular anomalies, which are caused by excessive varicose veins. More often varicose affects the lower limbs, but can occur in the rectum and esophagus. Less common is the disease of the bladder and female reproductive organs.
Varicose veins called general disease of vessels, which are manifested by dimpling of the skin and the curvature of the vein. It should be remembered that without the treatment of venous disease chronic can lead to serious complications.
These changes are painful, debilitating, because they cause failures in the functioning of the circulatory system.
What are varicose veins
To understand what is varicose veins, it is necessary to know the function of the veins and the circulatory system. Veins – blood vessels, the blood flowing upward to your heart. This is possible thanks to valves that close when the blood's up, is back.
A good blood supply will be subject to that these valves are functioning correctly. Some people are born with faulty valves, you have other that they decrease as a result of lifestyle, inadequate nutrition, the profession, the low physical activity, diseases.
When the blood through the veins flows down, the pressure increases, with dilated veins and swelling, not returning to its original shape.
Types of varicose veins
1. Varicose veins of the lower limbs.
Called difficulties of the venous circulation in the lower limbs, and injury to the venous valves, resulting in congestion and increased blood pressure in the veins. It is a symptom of chronic diseases of the veins.
The most common causes:
- a sedentary lifestyle;
- pregnancy – increased uterus compresses the vein in the pelvis, causing occurs stagnation of blood in the veins;
- advanced age;
- the genetic predisposition;
- prolonged immobilization (immobility) due to other diseases.
It is enough of a common disease, which occurs due to pressure on the rectal veins. This can be caused by:
- frequent bars;
- sit-of the work;
- diseases of the liver;
- sexual acts.
With the age of the cloth, which keeps the rectum and the vienna, it begins to weaken, and varicose veins extension can go to the outside of the anus, which is connected with the painful symptoms. The first symptom is rectal bleeding, which occurs during the evacuation.
3. Varicose veins of the esophagus.
The reason varicose veins changes, gastro-intestinal are the liver disease, and, specifically – cirrhosis, acquired due to viral hepatitis or excessive alcohol consumption.
During a long period of time, the disease is asymptomatic and manifested during the breaks of the arteries, which means the emergence of a native of bleeding, which is often accompanied by vomiting with blood, or color of ground coffee homemade.
A considerable loss of blood causes a decrease in blood pressure and increased heart rate. Varicose veins gastro-intestinal can manifest in the form of jaundice and ascites. The bleeding due to varices of the esophagus is a medical emergency.
Appears in the veins, which collect the blood from the testicles and the scrotum in men. Occurs due to congenital or acquired insufficiency valvular venous. This can be caused by kidney cancer or renal vascular thrombosis.
5. Varicose veins of the uterus and vagina.
This type of varicose veins is formed during pregnancy, due to the constant pressure, growth of the uterus in the pelvis. It is also possible the formation of varicose veins bladder.
Risk factors for developing varicose veins
Some factors increase the risk of developing varicose veins, interrupting the blood flow in the lower limbs. They prevent the reflux of blood through the veins, which causes an increase in the retention of blood to the periphery of the body.
Many factors are outside the control of patients, for example, genetic or hormonal disorders. However, the appearance of varicose veins, the biggest influence has a life-style. When used correctly, diet regular exercise it is possible to overcome non-modifiable risk factors.
The age and the work
The probability of the appearance of varicose veins increases significantly with age, especially after 40 years. This is a disease of hairdressers, dentists, doctors, waiters, salesmen, or is, the people of those professions that require long hours in standing position, without movement. Vertical position contributes to the stagnation of blood in the extremities, and limited movement the calf muscle to cause muscle dysfunction of the valves.
Are also susceptible to the disease, the economists, IT professionals-technology agents. Sedentary, the position in which the legs are bent in your lap, or crossed, contributes to the difficulty of the flow of blood.
A style of life
Wrong the style of life affects the formation of the varicose veins. Hot tubs, solarium, obesity – all of these situations are varicose veins and interferes with the flow of blood to the heart. Smoking contributes to the development of cardiovascular diseases, therefore, the risk of the emergence of varicose veins, this group of people has increased.
Hormone replacement therapy
The use of contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy increases the possibility of the formation of varicose veins.
In addition, the trend to the emergence of varicose veins depend on other factors, such as:
• race – whites are more prone to the disease than blacks;
• sex – women are five times more likely to suffer from varicose veins than men;
• history of pregnancies;
• hormonal disorders;
• lack of exercise;
• use of your clothing;
• high-heeled shoes;
• diet with a low content of fibre and vitamin.
The symptoms of varicose veins
The symptoms varicose veins very varied. They may appear together or separately. In the initial phase, patients often experience unpleasant sensations in the legs in the seats or standing position.
The most common include:
- weight in the legs and the feeling of excess of your swelling, which disappears after a rest in a state with high-raised feet;
- resistant pain in the lower limbs after a long walk or sit;
- the pain in the veins;
- the edema of the lower limbs, which form at the end of the day, most of all, it is visible around the ankles;
- the restless legs syndrome, painful muscle cramps, especially at night.
In the later stages of the disease, becomes evident due to the large varicose veins of the trunks of the large veins of the lower limbs and of the vein. They are soft and painless, and the degree of filling depends on the position of the members, also appears hypersensitive sites of varicose veins.
With the development of varicose veins increases the venous insufficiency of the lower limbs, which is accompanied by a large number of complications. The most common are thrombophlebitis, as well as bleeding, chronic inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous ulcers, pulmonary embolism.
The symptoms, which should be reason to visit your doctor:
- muscle spasms;
- pain in the legs and in the feet;
- the swelling;
- the appearance of spider veins.
Varicose veins pelvic cup only develops in women in the waiting of the second child (or subsequent children).
One of the symptoms indicating the disease is a constant pain in the lower abdomen, that lasts a few months. It develops similarly the varicose expansion of the veins of the lower limbs.
The characteristic symptoms is the pressure on the bladder, the severity in the groin, dull pain in the lower abdomen or sacrum, which increases during pregnancy, sexual intercourse or menstruation.
The treatment of varicose veins
The basis of the modern treatment of veins is proper diagnosis of the disease and the use of less invasive, but at the same time effective for the treatment of veins in the legs.
There are many different ways of reducing the manifestations of varicose veins, for example:
- of medication;
The goal of therapy is to simplify the flow of blood to hit the ends. One of the main methods is the change of lifestyle. Recommended:
- increased physical activity – walking, cycling, swimming; you should avoid the practice of sporting activities, which increase intra-abdominal pressure, for example: weight lifting, rowing;
- holiday with swelling, or feet;
- avoid long periods of standing or sitting without moving, especially with crossed legs;
- the maintenance of a body weight ideal;
- normal diet with a sufficient amount of protein, to eliminate constipation;
- use shoes with heels not higher than 3 to 4 cm;
- refrain from hot tubs, saunas, tanning beds and prolonged exposure to high temperatures.
Conservative treatment is often recommended for patients who for various reasons cannot be subjected to surgical treatment, for example, women during pregnancy or breastfeeding.
In the initial phase, effectively, the treatment popular tools in the form of tinctures, ponytail, wild rue, arnica, extract of chestnut.
This method is used when the lung early stages of the disease. Compact outer part of the limbs, which increases pressure in the veins and reduces the stagnation of blood. The patient takes special compression stockings of a given size, that defines the doctor. Some patients use elastic ligatures. It is recommended to use socks during the day, and for shooting at night. This method should be maintained and relevant prescription drugs.
In addition to the core therapy, that treats the symptoms and slow down the progress of the disease. Pharmacology helps to strengthen and seal the walls of the blood vessels, increases circulation, has anti-inflammatory action.
1. Tablets, coated tablets and ointments.
In this group are the medicines that have in their composition diosmin substance, decreasing the permeability of small vessels, improves venous circulation, reduces the tension of the walls of the veins and has anti-inflammatory action. Other medications include troxerutin, which increases the elasticity of small capillaries and improves the blood circulation in the tissues.
It is popular enough method of treatment, because it continues to be of short duration and is quite simple to implement. Its essence – an introduction to the affected vienna special of the drug, which contributes to reduce the local inflammation and scarring of the veins. Rare side effects include: deep vein thrombosis, allergic reactions, neurological disorders, necrosis of the skin, inflammation of veins, superficial hyperpigmentation.
Laser ablation and radiofrequency therapies ablative radio waves
The treatment of varicose veins is often performed through waves of different frequencies. Your action causes the growth extended veins. The laser therapy replaces the painful operation of removal of destroyed veins.
Can be used in each stage of venous insufficiency. The advantages of this method:
- low risk of complications;
- high efficiency;
- operation of short duration;
- minor complications after surgery;
- quick recovery.
Indications for surgical treatment are:
- relapsing inflammation of the veins;
- complications varicose veins in the form of ulcers;
- small effectiveness of other methods of treatment;
- the major changes that take seriously a defect.
Depending on the degree of the disease, this method may include the partial or total elimination of surface veins, ligation, removal or obliteration veins.
The surgical treatment is contraindicated to patients with bleeding, deep venous disease, and also with myocardial ischemia members. Surgery does not eliminate the cause of the disease, and affect its complications.
In men with varicocele treatment is often performed with the help of sclerotherapy. Hemorrhoids effectively treated with special ointments in the complex gym, a lifestyle change, diet, and surgical methods.
Here are some ways to help prevent the onset of varicose veins:
- maintain a normal body weight;
- to sedentary work, many times, to change the position of the feet, transferring the weight from one leg to another. Women – special to wear socks, that good affect the circulation of the blood;
- do not cross the foot, as this blocks the flow of blood from the legs to the heart;
- to choose the correct shoes;
- do not wear tight pants, socks;
- participate in sports activities.
Better in the prevention of varicose veins in the legs is a diet based on a large number of fibers, fresh fruits and vegetables, a sufficient amount of fluid (1.5 to 2 liters per day). You should limit the consumption of fats, fried foods. You should also exclude smoking, since it seriously damages the blood vessels.
Varicose veins is a chronic disease, and the treatment can take a long time. Prevention, small changes in lifestyle and habits helps to prevent illness.
At the first sign of varicose veins best to consult your doctor, taking advantage of the fact that the disease is in the initial stage of curing easier, faster and less traumatic.