Varicose veins (or varicose veins) feet – the disease is quite common. Mostly of their victims are women, from 30 to 60 years of age, especially if they suffer from diabetes or are overweight and posture problems. In addition, the varicose veins become sick people, the work that obliges them to remain in standing or sitting position. Unfortunately, the number of people increases each year. That is why it is important to know not only how to cure varicose veins in the legs, but how he can avoid it.
The treatment of varicose veins, before everything, must be the resolution of many causes of their occurrence. Listed below are those that in everyday life common:
- To be in the vertical or sitting position for a long period of time;
- Excess weight (obesity);
- Increased pressure in the veins of the lower limbs due to the high loads with the constipation, and picked up the gravity and pregnancy;
- Innate or posttraumatic stress-the absence of venous valves in the vessels of the lower limbs.
Heal varicose veins in the legs is only possible after getting rid of all of the factors mentioned above. Otherwise, the recurrence of the disease to avoid crash.
One of the most important signs of varicose veins is the appearance of bumps and tricky bubbles of movement of the veins of the lower limbs. It is often accompanied by severe pains and heaviness in the legs, you can connect the unpleasant burning sensation. Severe can occur episodic cramps in legs and swelling, which usually manifest themselves later. A characteristic feature of varicose veins is considered to be a gradual seal and darkening of the skin on the leg.
In the absence of a treatment of wall of affected vessels inflamed and clogged multiple blood clots. With time, the skin may appear pests. In the great majority of cases, this evolution is quite formidable diseases, such as, for example, to thrombophlebitis, or thrombosis.
In that situation it is worth going to the doctor?
The varicose veins gradually develops, however, sometimes it progresses quickly – in such cases to hesitate to get in touch with your doctor might not be. For acute of the disease are characteristic the following symptoms:
- Acute pain that reaches the kind of power that the person can not move independently. It is accompanied by a feeling of warmth and a seal on the skin of the feet;
- Shortness of breath, feeling of weakness and shortness of breath;
- The bleeding, which is located in the immediate vicinity of the affected vessels venous, or of themselves.
When the first signs of varicose veins should seek medical advice. Generally, after the completion of a standard survey (inspection, preparation of anamnesis, UAC, OAM) points out, such patients to the expert, the student, vascular disease (considering), or the vascular surgeon.
In addition to the main diagnostic activities can be allocated to them:
- Ultrasonography in the veins (duplex scan);
- High contrast: the venography.
Today, there is not a tool of the varicose veins, which gave 100%-the output result. The treatment must be carried out in a comprehensive manner with the application as surgical and therapeutic.
Struggle with varicose veins in the legs, using conservative methods is possible only in the cases in which the symptoms only start to appear and on the possible complications say that is not necessary. The main formed of this type of treatment are:
- The diet;
- Installations special exercise;
- Compression therapy;
- The drug therapy.
As already mentioned earlier, varicose veins sick, especially those people who have excess body weight. In this respect, one of the conditions for the success of the treatment is, without doubt, is the adherence to the diet, which aims at the destruction of the excess weight. There are enough many variations of composing the daily diet, however, none of them are worth joining without first consulting a nutritionist.
As a rule, such diets suggest the abandonment of any sweets, as well as of those products, which contain large amount of fibers of vegetable origin.
An excellent remedy for varicose veins feet is kinesiotherapy. There is a special series of exercises, doing that you can significantly decrease the progression of the disease, and often entirely get rid of it. In addition, do not forget to walk in the open air (morning and evening) and swimming.
Important! When the varicose expansion of veins you need to refrain from visiting the sauna, steam baths, not to take very hot shower and not to sound walk. This explains the fact that, when the data of procedures is much greater blood flow to the legs, where varicose veins and without having observed the stagnation.
The treatment of varicose veins at home involves the use of meshes in the form of the golf course, the half and half tights, as well as rubber bands, strips of different lengths. Usually, doctors recommend using them throughout the day and take in just before sleeping.
So, you can increase the tonus of the veins and improve the blood circulation in the legs. And this, in turn, promotes the resolution of symptoms of the disease. It is also very useful foot massage when varicose veins, which must be performed by a specialist.
Today, the pharmaceutical market is rather widespread presented medicines for the treatment of a given disease. In addition, along with pre-formed shapes and use a gel, ointment, cream for the feet of the varicose veins. All of them help reduce the rate of progression of the disease and even warn the development of some complications.
However, one should not forget that any medicine should only be applied by a doctor. Because almost for each of them there are quite many counter-indications, and misuse may result in emergency situations.
It is more common when varicose expansion of the veins of the lower limbs, the doctors prescribe medicines in the following groups:
- Anti-inflammatory drugs;
- Medicines, contributing to improve the tone of veins and improvement of venous thrombosis outputs;
- Medications to reduce the viscosity of the blood and help prevent blood clots.
The surgery is the more radical method, which is used in situations in which all the alternatives, the methods of struggle do not give any positive results.
The more widespread the operation, during which are made small incisions of the skin, and, through them, occurs the removal of the areas affected veins. After surgery the feet firmly begin. A few hours later, the patient can already move independently.
Currently, the growing technique, in which the anomalies of vienna are removed with the help of laser. This operation is less traumatic, but after it, are often observed in recurrences of the disease.
Without a doubt, as the majority of the modern diseases, varicose veins are more easy to prevent than treat. That is why doctors recommend to start the prevention of the disease, since the early years. For this, you must do the following:
- Actively involved sports;
- During the work stoppage need to periodically take breaks (like at the tips, and then on the treadmill);
- After physical activity need to take a cold shower;
- In the period of gestation, especially in the times, it must be special to wear the sweater.